All working parents who pay taxes in Germany are entitled to child benefit for the entire duration of their child's education.
The Family Benefits Fund - Familienkasse - grants parents great support for many long years. It therefore has to impose many conditions. Read the following information and check if you meet the criteria to apply for Kindergeld.
In general Kindergeld is granted for children up to the age of 18 or up to the age of 25 if they continue their education.
After the child has reached the age of majority the child benefit is granted only if:
The amount of the Kindergeld benefit as of 01.01.2021:
Remember: if you have been granted 500+ in Poland, the Kindergeld benefits will be reduced accordingly in Germany. Be careful here: if e.g. your mom and children live in Poland and dad live in Germany and think: “it is better to take only Kindergeld, it will save us bureaucracy”. – they make a mistake. Although intuitively it makes sense, it is not in accordance with EU guidelines!
Example 1: One parent lives with children in Poland and works, the father works abroad. In this case, the first country to pay the allowance is Poland, in Germany we can apply for a reference allowance.
Example 2: if one parent lives with children in Poland and does not work, and the other parent works in Germany, the benefit will be paid by Germany.
In both cases it is necessary to determine whether the rules of coordination of social security systems apply. The rule is – first we receive support from the country where the children live. The authorities will inquire, and in case of ambiguity – make problems (e.g. reduce benefits).
VERY IMPORTANT: Inform the officials of any changes!
Respond without delay to all letters from the office, including the annual questionnaires checking your right to Kindergeld. Also, any changes in your family or work situation (moving house, changing job etc.) must be presented to the office within one month at the latest. This is your obligation and it will give you assurance that the benefit will not be withdrawn due to negligence.
Child benefit can be paid retroactively, i.e. you can get compensation for up to six months. This is good news for people who have just found out that they are entitled to it.
Kindergeld will only be available to people who have unlimited income obligation or Unbeschränkte Steuerpflicht. Newly arrived in Germany have to reckon with the fact that they have to settle here first – in other words spend half a year (183 days) here. On application we can get Unbeschränkte Steuerpflicht earlier if at least 90% of our income comes from Germany.